Infographics Project – Sustainable Development Goals | Issue VI

The new project of the Infographics Project concerns the Sustainable Development Goals, as established by the 2030 Agenda. The 2030 Agenda was agreed in 2015 by all UN member states and consists of 17 targets, 169 subsections, and 231 individual indicators. The Sustainable Development Goals are divided into three (3) pillars: the Social, the Environmental, and the Economic. In the “Infographics Project – Sustainable Development Goals” both the 3 pillars of sustainability and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (hereinafter SDGs from the English terminology Sustainable Development Goals) will be developed in six issues, using individual indicators. The analysis will focus on both the comparative position and the course of Greece in these indicators in relation to the European Union of 27 states. The aim of this project is to highlight the position of Greece among the other Member States of the European Union, as well as the scope for further improvement in sustainability issues.
Following on from the previous issues, through which all the pillars of sustainable development have been analyzed, the sixth issue places further emphasis on the environmental pillar. More specifically, the target “Clean Water and Sanitation” [SDG 6] is analyzed through the indicator that highlights the percentage of people without water for bathing and domestic sanitation, the target “Affordable and Clean Energy” [SDG 7] is highlighted through the indicator “Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption by sector (%)”, the target “Sustainable Cities and Communities” [SDG 11] is analyzed through the indicator “Recycling rate of municipal waste as % of municipal waste generated” and the target “Responsible Consumption and Production” [SDG 12] is analyzed through the indicator “Average CO2 emissions per km from new passenger cars”.
In 2019, in the European Union as a whole, energy consumption from renewable energy sources [hereafter RES] as a share of total energy consumption stood at 19.73%, having increased by 9.43% since 2016. In the same year, this percentage ranged from 7.05% in Luxembourg to 56.39% in Sweden. In Greece, the percentage of energy consumption coming from RES was observed at 19.68% having recorded a continuous upward trend since 2016 where it stood at 17.39% by 27.85% and having recorded the 7th highest increase among the other EU Member States. It is noteworthy that the states of Lithuania, Hungary, Portugal, Romania and Slovenia recorded a decrease in the percentage of dependence on RES between 2016 and 2019.
The indicator “CO2 emissions from new passenger cars” is of particular importance for EU Member States as the elimination of these emissions by 2035 is a key objective of the European Green Deal, which was established in December 2019 and aims to achieve climate neutrality for Europe by 2050, thus making it the first climate neutral continent. In 2019, carbon dioxide emissions from new passenger cars in the European Union as a whole were 122.2 grams per kilometer, up 3.9% from 2016. Bulgaria is the country with the highest emissions, while the Netherlands records the lowest, also Bulgaria has seen the highest rate of increase [9.38%] and the Netherlands the highest rate of decrease [7.08%] in C02 emissions from new passenger cars since 2016. It is worth noting that of all EU Member States, only Estonia, Latvia, Malta, the Netherlands, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Malta and Sweden have experienced a downward trend in these emissions. Finally, for Greece, carbon dioxide emissions from passenger vehicles amounted to 115.6 grams per kilometer in 2019, having recorded the 8th smallest amount of emissions and the 2nd largest increase since 2016.
The percentage of people without water for bathing and domestic sanitation in 2019 for the EU as a whole was recorded at 1.60%, down 23.81% from 2.10% in 2016. In the same year, the country with the highest percentage is Romania with 22.4% and the lowest is Germany, Malta, Sweden and the Netherlands with 0%. Greece in this indicator recorded the 10th lowest percentage [0.2%] which remained unchanged from 2016. As regards the indicator measuring the recycling rate of waste as a percentage of total waste, the EU recorded a rate of 47.7%, while Greece recorded the 4th lowest rate [21%], having increased by 22% since 2016.
In summary, Greece in the individual sustainable development indicators analyzed around the environmental pillar, except for the indicator on the recycling rate of municipal waste, showed good results compared to the other EU Member States, while there was no noticeable change from 2016 in all indicators, with the exception of the indicator on energy dependence on renewable energy sources, which increased by 27.85%.

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