The new project of the Infographics Project concerns the Sustainable Development Goals, as established by the 2030 Agenda. The 2030 Agenda was agreed in 2015 by all UN member states and consists of 17 targets, 169 subsections, and 231 individual indicators. The Sustainable Development Goals are divided into three (3) pillars: the Social, the Environmental, and the Economic. In the “Infographics Project – Sustainable Development Goals” both the 3 pillars of sustainability and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (hereinafter SDGs from the English terminology Sustainable Development Goals) will be developed in six issues, using individual indicators. The analysis will focus on both the comparative position and the course of Greece in these indicators in relation to the European Union of 27 states. The aim of this project is to highlight the position of Greece among the other Member States of the European Union, as well as the scope for further improvement in sustainability issues.
Following the previous issues, through which all the pillars of sustainable development have been analyzed in the fifth issue, emphasis is placed on the economic pillar. More specifically, the goal “Decent Work and Economic Development” [SDG 8] will be highlighted, through four individual indicators: the indicator “Young people out of employment, education or training”, the indicator “Long-term unemployment by gender”, the indicator “Investment share in institutional sectors as a percentage of GDP” and the indicator “Real per capita GDP”. This goal has been judged as the most important in Greece in both surveys conducted by Get Involved entitled Sustainable Literacy and Perspectives with a sample of young Greek students and graduates of all levels, aged 18 to 29 (to read the results of the second survey Press here).
The percentage of young citizens aged 15 to 29 who, in 2020, was out of education, employment, or training, the European Union, as a whole, [EU] was at 13.7%. Taking into account gender, the percentages for the respective age group reached 15.4% for women and 12.2% for men. Greece in the same index the percentage was 18.7%, where it has recorded a significant decrease of 22.5% since 2015. It is worth noting that in 2020, of the EU Member States, Italy showed the highest percentage of young citizens out of education, employment, or training, of the order of 23.3% and taking into account the corresponding percentages were 25.4% for women and 21.4% for men. In fact, within the EU, only in Luxembourg and Lithuania the percentage of young men, excluding education, employment, or training, was higher than that of women.
Across the European Union, in 2020, the real Gross Domestic Product [GDP] was at € 26,370, down by 5.99% compared to 2019 when it was € 28,050. Luxembourg as a whole in the Union, in 2020, was the country with the highest real GDP per capita with € 82,250, while Bulgaria was the country with the lowest with € 6,600. In the same year, Greece had the 8th smallest real GDP per capita in the whole of the Union, with € 16,300, decreasing by 8.17%, from € 17,750 of the previous year. Because of the pandemic, in 2020, in all the countries of the European Union, a decrease in their real per capita GDP was recorded, compared to 2019, with the sole exception of Ireland, which showed an increase of 5%.
Regarding the long-term unemployment rate by gender, in 2020, Greece presented the highest percentages with the percentage of women being 13.5% and men 8.8%, marking the third-largest percentage difference between the sexes of the EU. In the same year, the corresponding percentages for the whole of the European Union were 2.5% for women and 2.3% for men, while the largest percentage difference was found in the state of Denmark with 71.43%. Also, Greece, in 2019, had the smallest investment share in the institutional sectors as a percentage of GDP with 18.15%, in all the countries of the Union where available data are available. The Czech Republic, in the same year, had the largest percentage with 45.6%, while the states of Bulgaria, Lithuania, and Malta were not available.
In conclusion, we conclude from the above data that Greece in all four individual indicators of sustainable development related to the economic pillar showed significant deviations from the European average in the period 2015 to 2020, showing a slight improvement in only two individual indicators of the target, the index “Young people out of employment, education or training” and the index “Long-term unemployment by gender”. In the next issue, and last, for this project, which will be published on March 24, the Environmental Pillar will be further analyzed.